Final Blog Post. Sad Day.

Hey y’all, it’s been fun. It was pretty cool listening to myself from the beginning of the semester, I feel like so much has happened since then and that I have learned and changed so much. It’s been a fun trip. Here we go.

Digital citizenship, at the start of the semester, to me meant just how an individual portrays themselves online and how they socialize and act as well. It was a simple 15 second definition of a phrase that holds so much more meaning than that.

Digital Citizenship now means so much more to me. It is not only how a person acts or portrays his or her self-online, but also HOW they act. I now understand the HOW part, thanks to UNIV349.

First off, you cannot be a digital citizen if you do not participate, and that is a key point I learned. Simply going online to post sad Facebook posts about my ex-girlfriend or something is not true participation and it is not being a digital citizen. Being a digital citizen means sharing, providing, understanding, learning, etc. on the internet. The internet holds such a broad sea of information, and is such a strong tool, that it is ridiculous not to utilize or share in it. Posting about current political debates, sharing ideas about how to handle ISIS, learning more about a child’s unfortunate sickness through a digital community is true digital participation, but it doesn’t stop there.

The world is changing, for better or for worse, and social media will play a huge part in it. The current digital war between ISIS and Anonymous is a prime example of the future. The internet wasn’t really used like a weapon like it is between these two organizations. It is a real first glimpse, that the public has seen, about Cyber War. This too is a form of digital citizenship, although not the best type of digital citizenship with ISIS. ISIS has grown so big and powerful due to its utilization of social media. They are recruiting via twitter, setting up plans via social networks, and spreading their crazy ideas through the internet and it is showing how powerful this global tool can be. Anonymous who already leaked multiple cheaters via the Ashley Madison username war, are taking down this tool that ISIS uses to recruit and plan. It’s just exciting to watch.

Digital citizenship is also about furthering a person’s critical and creative thinking skills. This brings me back to Michael Wesch’s TED talk about being knowledgeable and knowledge-ABLE. We are taught in schools how to be good citizens for example: pay your taxes, don’t hurt people, be honest, and a multitude of other ideas, but many people aren’t taught how to be good digital citizens. It is something that I have made a conscientious effort to further my own digital citizenship and my further academic and professional career. And that is to pay attention to social media and the web and other people’s ideas. I can reach out globally to millions of people in the world to either learn ideas, network, or even spread hope by donating money or helping volunteer organizations. I think paying attention to what people say in social media is a key component to understanding the world and how people feel about different topics. I learned that I can learn just as much from social media and videos or articles people share, as I can from academic journals.

These are all just some ideas that I have learned, and will continue to take with me through my life. And this all to me is digital citizenship.

Thanks for reading.

Blog Post Week 13. Making Students Knowledge-ABLE

Hey everyone! So wow, I don’t know about y’all but that Ted Talk was extremely inspiring and had so many great points. The article was great too, but I just thought the presentation was so well put together.

Anyways, one of the key main points between the article and the video, was that students are a central part of the future, and it is our educator’s job to educate us on how we can best succeed in the present timeline. That means utilizing social media. Some teachers try to refrain from using social media, but that is ridiculous. The video makes a great point when Michael Wesch shows that most of his students have used social media websites in class. It’s going to happen. So why should educators try to refrain from utilizing social media? We need to be taught how to be good digital citizens, because social media is such a powerful tool. The article discusses how physical boundaries are nonexistent because of social media, and it is true. The example from the video of Kenya during 2007 and the terrible earthquake in Haiti were great examples of how social media actually saves lives. The Marine Corp soldier talked about how powerful of a tool it was, and it is absolutely true. The article and the video definitely share this point in common, when they talk about how powerful and useful digital media and teaching students to utilize these digital tools.

Another key point that the article and the video shares is when they discuss how digital media does not stop critical thinking, but they actually further critical thinking into creative thinking and useful participation. This is evident in the video when Michael opens a Google Doc for his students to discuss what it is like being a student during present times. All of his students used in, and there were more than 350 edits on the google doc. That shows students were actively participating, critically thinking, and socially communicating with each other. The Google Doc was a tremendous example to show how students communicate now. Here students can openly share their thoughts, when in the past, some students would never be able to get their voice heard. All of the professors in the article discuss how it is necessary to teach students how to use social media, and that is because it increases critical thinking skills. One person cannot change much by themselves, but by working as a team they can. The point from the article about how schools already teach us how to read and write, why shouldn’t they teach us how to be better digital citizens and how to use social media? It improves literacy, our critical thinking skills, and most of all teaches us how to connect with others via this useful tool.

Overall, I think both the video and the article made many good points. We are taught how to be good people in normal society, and it needs to be pushed to be a good citizen inside the digital web.

Blog 11. Engage. Just do it. Number 3

Hey what is up #univ349dc. Hope y’all had a good weekend. So, some cool things happened this week with my engagement. Well my engagement with the refugee crisis. I started talking to this German women who attends CSUSB. My sister attends that school and we able to introduce me to her this week and we have been talking on social media, and then we actually met up this weekend when I went to pick my sister up from school. She began telling me about the refugee crisis in Germany, and how it has affected her family. Quick background though, Germany is highly involved with the refugee crisis. They have taken in so many refugees and continue to. However, is hasn’t been a fantastic experience for everyone involved.

Germany is collapsing under the weight of all these refugees that they have let into their country. According to an article from the Atlantic the refugee crisis in Germany is described as the following excerpt: “German police and politicians are frustrated. Exhausted migrants who traveled hundreds of miles to escape civil war only to be held in weeks-long waiting lines are even more so. And adding to Germany’s existing logistical problems now is another: The impending arrival of a freezing, harsh winter.” Germany unfortunately doesn’t have enough room to house the refugees, and current Germans are frustrated with the influx of people that have come into their country. She told me that her family told her there are huge lines to get the required paper work as well as meals and other supplies which has caused people to become frustrated. It has led to violence in cities both coming from the refugees as well as the German people who live there. She explained that some cities just don’t have the required room or resources to house thousands of people.

She asked me, what I thought it would be like if 300,000 refugees came to live in Ventura. Where would they stay? How would current people who live in Ventura, and are poor, feel when these “Outsiders” are coming into their city and taking up room? It’s shocking to think of it like this, but it is true. Germany is going to continue taking in refugees, which is great, but exactly how can they be helped? She told me that what is frustrating people in Germany, is that there was no way authorities could be prepared for an event like this. There is so much anger from the refugees because they have nowhere to go, and they aren’t always being treated with respect where the countries stay. My new friend explained to me that there have been more cases of rape, and some extreme cases of culture clash within the cities that house the refugees.

Being social is all about who you know. I found it useful to network within my own social circle, or social circles close to me, to reach out to people who have perspectives from the other side of the world.

 Also, there are actually a lot of German exchange students who came here this year. CI View, which I write for, will hopefully have an article about the refugee crisis next semester. Keep an eye out for it, and thanks for reading.

Below is a picture that shows the refugees in a line in Germany. It looks like a riot, and this is a daily routine for many Germans and refugees. 

germany refs

Blog 10. Engage Part Dos

HI y’all. So I totally changed up my approach this week, because I wanted some actual responses. I feel that, unless I am connected within a certain social circle, or have some sort of reputable standing, I’m otherwise going to be somewhat ignored. So what I did was messaged a few people from my social circle, or previous social circles on Facebook that were talking about the refugee crisis. I told them, “Hey I’m doing a sort of a study for one of my university classes on the refugee crisis, can I ask you a few questions?” I got a few responses, and of course, I still used Twitter to show some cool links I’ve found.

So I reached out to a couple of my friends, I’ll call one Stan. I used to work with him at Papa Johns and we were able to talk on the phone after initially talking on Facebook. Stan is from Pakistan, and he is a 24 year old student who is in the medical program in the Caribbean Isles. He moved to the U.S with his family when he was 13, but most of his other family members still live in Pakistan. He is of Muslim faith, yet he is very westernized. Since he and his family members have seen the effect that military warfare has on people, as well as severe civil unrest, he told me that he completely understands where refugees are coming from. He told me that, “People are just trying to survive in any way that they can, and it is morally wrong to refuse refuge for these people.” I believe that he is correct, people should not be held back from trying to better their lives, and in this case, save their lives and the lives of their family. He told me that, “My family is only worrying about paying their mortgage, and the refugees are worrying about their lives every day.” It’s powerful, for instance I’m worrying about my grades and what I will buy my loved ones for Christmas, and people on the other side of the globe have much more severe worries then I have. This is evident in plenty of the articles that I found. People are crossing treacherous waters, and many of them are barely escaping with their lives. The least countries can do is offer them refuge.

Another one of my compadres who I met in High School posted a link to a video in September about the refugee crisis. I found his post when I searched the refugee crisis on Facebook. In his post, he said “Very painful to watch and to know that this is a tiny percentage of people who live with this every single day. What are we doing as humans when a 13 year old is absolutely defeated and is asking for something that should never have to be asked for. Breaks my heart.” The video is about the drowned Syrian child from back in September, and it’s really powerful. I commented on this as well, but didn’t receive a response yet. Video is here.

I tried to contact people that I haven’t met online, and I unfortunately didn’t receive anything back. I’m trying to build a Twitter base, but it’s taking some time. Overall, I think that to get a social movement going, or a group, you need to start small. Start within your friends and family, or colleagues who share similar opinions. Like that one Ted Talk explained that all a leader needs is one good follower, I think that’s how it starts. So that is why I reached out to people I know who don’t go to school here, and who may know something about the refugee crisis. It was engaging, and quite helpful.

Blog 9 Engage #1

Alright, so here is what I accomplished this past week. I finally created a Twitter so that I could cooperate more efficiently and decided to tweet about an article about the refugee crisis. I did this, because I couldn’t really find that article in many places and I wanted to get my idea out there. However, since I am a new Twitter user, I haven’t gotten any replies or retweets or anything unfortunately. Sad day.

I also commented on a Facebook post about that same article. There were so many great ideas about the article and the boy in it. Most of them were praising the child for his emotional intellect and strength. I liked over 10 comments, because they were so great to see people connect over the article, and share such kind words for the child. One person said, “Alison HodgehegWhat an intelligent and articulate young man. He echoes the thoughts of many-to solve this crisis we need to stop the violent war in Syria.” This child explains that he never wanted to leave his country, and that he feels that many of his countrymen and country women feel like that as well. Powerful words coming from a young child. 

I will continue to get more involved with this process. I continue to find that social media is the most powerful tool right now for people to connect. It increases community, cooperation, and collaboration (just like the netspeak chapter says for video games). Twitter is constantly used as a tool for people to donate to any cause that they see fit. For instance, I just donated to a cause from UNHCR. The image below is powerful. There is this adorable child, who is in obvious distress in his situation. Most refugees that have had to come over water have had a troubling time. There have been many people that have gone missing as a result from these tragic waters, and it also leads to dehydration and famine. Instead of having to search for this myself, or having to leave the comfort of my dorm to go out and donate, I was able to find this via twitter in 30 seconds, and was then able to donate a minute later.

I know I’ve reiterated this multiple times, and I’m sure y’all will get tired of my repetition, but doing these challenges continue to drive home this point in my mind. Social Media is on hell of a tool, and it is awesome. I used to think that social media was simply for my friends, and ways for my girlfriends to stalk me. That is not the case. I think people never really realize how useful social media can be if it is used the correct way. Sure, social media can spawn hate and its a tool for people to be cruel to others. But I wholeheartedly believe that there are more positives than negatives. Studies show that volunteering has gone up and donations have gone up since the creation and addition of social media. Everything is so simple to do now because of it, and I think it creates good will in others. If I see my bestie post a link to a place he donated to, and I believe it is a good cause, you are darn right that I will donate to it as well. And I’ve definitely seen people follow this form of thinking and action through Twitter and Facebook.

Thanks for reading. 🙂


Blog #8. Lurk Part 2

Hey everyone. So I started to notice a few new trends in social media revolving around the refugee crisis. Two hashtags began to arise and come out really strong. One was #One4 which basically stands for two things. One is the phrase “Out of every 4 refugees, One is a child.” This Hashtag is simple, yet it completely conveys a strong sense of reality. To put it in numbers, America wants to bring in 100,000 refugees next year. That would be 25,000 children who have to leave their homes and come into a country on the other side of the world. I mean, I hated moving two towns away when I was a child, I cannot imagine having to move to a different country. The other is for people to say “#One4 Peace or #One4 Love” to describe this refugee crisis. It conveys a thought that sometimes all it takes is one person to do something kind and it can create a chain reaction. The band Imagine Dragons are huge supporters of this thought. If anyone downloads their song “I Was Me” on itunes, there is a donation that goes out to help the refugees. It is another good and simple example of participation culture, and how useful social media is. People are able to connect with bands they like, to help a great cause.

The second hashtag is actually pretty basic. #NoRefugees. Mainly the people who post these hashtags seem to be radical Islam opposers. They post plenty of outrageous thoughts that call people “terrorists” or “Muslim Lovers.” It’s pretty ridiculous. However, I can agree that not all the refugees are going to be good people. Many people also say that America needs to focus on its homeless population, and we should not be worrying about refugees of another country. I can see where they are coming from, however it is our civic duty to help refugees seeking asylum from the Syrian Civil War. There are organizations that will help the homeless population if they seek help, but the homeless population does need to be addressed as well.


Angela #1A #DefundPP‏@angelacarwile

.@LibertyUSA1776 I see their “Convert or die” and raise them…”Meet my hollow point”. DON’T threaten ME! #NoRefugees #IslamIsTheProblemNews about refugee crisis on Twitter

Another, really crazy issue that has begun to arise, is the problem of child brides. I found this article on Facebook, and it really struck me. Syrian girls can be married at young ages, such as 13 or 14 years old. This is well below the age of consent for multiple countries and is basically pedophilia. There are some 13 year old teenage girls that are married to 40 year old guys. It is really creepy and definitely a problematic issue for countries harboring the refugees. They are legally married in their country, but breaking a law in different ones, so how do countries respond? Dutch lawmakers are honoring marriage licenses, but I highly doubt America would. If America did, it would basically be endorsing pedophiles. This article is about a 14 year old who is 9 months pregnant and missing. I really hope they find her, because she is probably in dire need of medical care.


There are two sides to any issue, and as the refugee crisis continues people are beginning to feel stronger towards their ideals. There is a strong sense of separation about this subject, and the refugees are the ones losing the most.
#One4 Peace










Blog #7. Lurking It. Part One

I am going to be completely honest, lurking was pretty fun, especially on Twitter. I was stalking the refugee crisis on Twitter and Facebook, but I found myself mostly on Twitter. Tweets are so simple and easy, that people often will tweet the craziest and most obscene things, even about something as horrible as the refugee crisis.

First off, the refugee crisis mainly is a result from the Syrian civil war. It has been going on for five years now, and unfortunately it does not show any signs of slowing down. Many countries were initially helping to refuge these poor souls who are running for their lives, however countries are now backing out. This has caused quite a backlash in social media. There are basically two sides to this, those who want to help and those who do not. Daily there is huge amounts of tweets and articles regarding the refugee crisis, and people will viciously attack a viewpoint different from theirs.

My lurking on Facebook provided plenty of articles from news organizations. These are all interesting, but I want to know what people around the world think, and that is what I received from Twitter. I started lurking on Saturday night, and I would check Twitter and Facebook every night to see the plethora of new tweets regarding the #rebelcrisis. What I found was quite fun.

Celebrities are really involved with the refugee crisis. Imagine Dragons was at a Germany refugee camp. They talked about how serious the issue is, and how much it shocked them. Benedict Cumberbatch stated that he wanted to meet Home Secretary Theresa may to discuss the refugee crisis. Some people were not happy with that and tweeted about it.

Paul NuttallVerified account ‏@paulnuttallukip  14h14 hours ago

Where do these self-important, self obsessed celebrities get off? Stick to playing Sherlock mate. …


Imagine DragonsVerified account ‏@Imaginedragons  19h19 hours ago

spent time w/these cute kids at a german @refugee camp today – crisis is real.  to help #one4


Another tweet that I found really interesting was from Time magazine. TIME.comVerified account ‏@TIME  Oct 11

See how refugees use selfies to document their journey 

In it are plenty of pictures that show exactly what these people go through. People who did not live in this age of social media would never be able to see photos like these.

On Facebook I found many news articles about the refugee crisis. Facebook “news” provided me with more professional news, while Twitter gave me personal updates from people around the world.

It was surprising to see how controversial the refugee crisis is. In an article from Facebook, it talks about how countries are opting out of saving the refugees due to financial problems. On one hand it makes sense, but on the other hand it is immoral to push the refugees away. I found that some countries and people just want to live their lives without any “burdens” from these refugees. But I always find myself thinking, “Why do these people have no empathy? Put yourself in their shoes!” and it really frustrates me. I can see where these countries are coming from where they basically say, “Look, this isn’t our fault, and we don’t have the resources,” but I still wholeheartedly believe that it is our jobs as human beings to assist other people in need, no matter the cause. (Found from Facebook)

Blog #6 Challenge 3 Collect Part 3

Hey everyone. Challenge Three Part 3 was really interesting. I researched via Facebook and Twitter and found multiple great articles, tweets, and ideas from people all over the globe. What I found most interesting about social media, was that it was great to learn about different opinions from people who are not professionals in certain fields, or media members. It gave me a different lens from which to perceive the refugee crisis. For instance, some Americans may think one way about the refugee crisis, but people closer to the refugees can feel different.

I really enjoyed the results from Twitter. The Ted Talk we watched about the Twitter explosion was correct when the gentleman talked about how many news organizations use Twitter to give real time updates. The television is no longer the only way for people to communicate news, we can actually receive quick and updated tweets from across the globe. On Twitter, people can find pages and pages of tweets, articles, or videos with a simple search. I found many tweets about Kickstarter working with the White House to raise funds for the refugees. As well as links to blogs and pictures and videos of this tragedy. One picture that stuck out with me is one from Voices of Youth. It is a website that allows people, mainly young adolescents, to blog and use their minds and words to reach out to people. “No human being can be illegal.” These words really exploded into my mind. Countries and people want to refuse people refuge, even though they have nowhere to go. Here is a young girl, Lara, offering sage advice and words full of hope via blogs on social media. It is simply incredible because this couldn’t happen 10-15 years ago.

On Facebook I found similar results to Twitter. For instance, new stations like Fox News and CNN will use Facebook to post links to articles, or videos. This is also a very useful form of communication. Like Jill said, this kind of outreach that people, companies, and organizations have now was unobtainable only a decade ago. One article I really enjoyed was from Kickstarter. They teamed with the White House to raise money for refugees. The best part is all donations are completely tax deductible! It is a fantastic way to get people involved. There is also a video on the site explaining what Kickstarter and the White House are doing.

I believe that social media has more positives than negatives. In times of crisis or serious trials, social media is a strong tool to connect people for great causes. It was interesting to see how people view and think about the refugee crisis outside of an academic or professional atmosphere.

Blog 5. Challenge #3 Collect. Refugee Crisis

Howdy y’all! Alright, so Challenge #3 collect was a pretty interesting process for me. Since I am an English major, research is secondhand nature since I have to do so many research papers. I’ve developed pretty useful skills in finding great sources for my papers. Anyways, I prefer databases like Academic Search Premier and JSTOR over Google Scholar. I feel that Google Scholar gives me too many random articles, possibly based on my filter bubbles, no matter how I change or edit my searches. Academic Search Premier and JSTOR often give me anything and everything that I need. Also sorry, for some reason it does not let me correctly paste my citations from Microsoft Word. They are definitely not in the correct format.

So I first searched Google Scholar. I found multiple different articles on refugees from Mexico and Central America, which was very interesting because I feel these nations get less publicity about their refugees even though they are closer to home. People in these nations have to endure so many trials from the drug war, which can be as dangerous as a civil war. One article from the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies titled, “The Discursive Production of a Mexican Refugee Crisis in Canadian Media and Policy,” illustrates how Canada is having troubles separating illegal immigrants from the refugees and how the media will attack both sides. This is also common in American media and policies. Some people will flee Mexico for their own safety and will come into America as illegal immigrants and will face problems similar to the stories in the article from Canada.

Gilbert, Liette. “The Discursive Production of a Mexican Refugee Crisis in Canadian Media and Policy.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 39.5 (2013): 827-43. Web.

Next I searched Academic Search Premier (EBSCO). I found a multitude of useful sources here. One of these talks directly about the economic hardships that not only the refugees face, but the countries and people who help house the refugees. Author Omar Dahi proposes that “The entry of Syrian refugees into Lebanon and Jordan has resulted in unprecedented social and economic challenges to both countries. These are felt on a day-to-day basis by all Lebanese and Jordanian citizens whether through higher rents and declining public service availability, or through health and education infrastructure that is stretched beyond its limits” (Dahi 11). There are many issues that arise when countries house refugees like problems with healthcare and public service. Another challenge is housing. Countries have to raise enough money and create infrastructure to help the refugees. It is incredibly challenging to house and help these people who are only trying to survive, but it shows how valiant and amazing countries and people are when they help.

Dahi, Omar. “The Refugee Crisis in Lebanon and Jordan: The Need for Economic Development   Spending.” Revista Migraciones Forzadas 47 (2014): 11-13. Academic Search Premier.            Web. 29 Sept. 2015.

Finally I found another useful article on EBSCO. Authors Roger Zetter and Héloïse Ruaudel explain the other economic and social hardships that countries encounter when they help the refugees. For instance, the authors talk about protecting the people. With the additions of so many people, police organizations are stretched thin. Also, multiple cultures are combing and clashing suddenly which can cause more violence. It is terrible that these events happen, but it is also natural. It is something countries have to prepare for.

Zetter, Roger, and Héloïse Ruaudel. “Development And Protection Challenges Of The Syrian      Refugee Crisis.” Revista Migraciones Forzadas 47 (2014): 6-10. Academic Search    Premier. Web. 29 Sept. 2015.

Overall, this was again a great learning experience to learn about all the trials and tribulations that people and countries face when they are only trying to help. Multiple deeds need to be avidly worked on to successfully house the refugees.

Thanks for reading.

Blog 4: Refugee Crisis.

Hi there! First off, the links to my sources are posted at the bottom in the order that I brought them up. Here is my entire process for Challenge 3. First I opened up a few tabs and opened the three suggested search engines: Duck Duck Go, Google, and Yahoo. I typed in “Refugee Crisis” in all three and clicked on the “Search” or “Go” buttons in each respective search engine. I first looked into the results from the Duck Duck Go search Engine since I have never heard or used this one before. It is extremely useful if a person is trying to find news articles to use as resources because that is everything it pulls up immediately. I was quickly able to find fantastic sources on New York Times, CNN, and Fox News. 

Quick background on the current refugee crisis. The International Rescue Committee informs that, “More than 300,000 people have fled to Europe over the past year to escape conflict or persecution in the Middle East, North Africa and South Asia. Most have fled the brutal civil war in Syria, now in its fifth year.” The war on terror with Isis has also contributed greatly to the refugees. The problem countries are facing is what should they do with all of the refugees, and how can it be done safely? Many people expect terrorists to hide in cover in refugee groups so that they can attack countries easier.

From Duck Duck Go, I found an article from September 20, 2015 by New York Times titled, “U.S Will Accept More Refugees as Crisis Grows,” authored by Michael Gordon, Alison Smale, and Rick Lyman. The article is about a huge increase in refugees that will be accepted. The usual amount is 70,000, but it will be increased to 100,000. This is a great decision by the U.S government to help people in need. There is plenty of unrest and refugees that need help.

Next I looked at my results from the Yahoo Search Engine. This was useful because there were plenty of videos and pictures that gave me a clear picture of what the current refugee crisis looks like. I chose blog from The titled, “Rand Paul blames Hillary for refugee crisis.” I honestly chose this blog because I found it extremely annoying that people would use a terrible problem to increase their political prowess and to try to garner headlines. Rand Paul is “upset” with Hillary for saying that we would accept refugees. Overall I found it incredibly selfish.

Finally I looked at my results from Google. The 1st page alone gave me so many different possible sources, so I decided to narrow my search. I changed my search to “Refugee Crisis Blogs” and found some fantastic sources. One was from and is a blog about the refugee crisis in Europe. The title is “Refugee crisis in Europe: Aid worker updates” dated on September 6, 2015 by the International Rescue Committee. The article contains info about the current crisis, and provides pictures of the refugees. It also provides tweets from a few people and organizations to help the public understand how severe this crisis is.

Another useful source is from Whitehouse.Gov titled, “What You Need to Know About the Syrian Refugee Crisis and What the U.S is doing to Help” by Tanya Somanader who is the Deputy Director of Digital Content for the Office of Digital Strategy. It is actually a blog on, which I found surprising. This article describes who the U.S is responding, and people can further do for help.

Lastly, I chose another article from New York Times titled “The Refugee Crisis Has Produced One Winner: Organized Crime” by Misha Glenny. It was written on September 20, 2015. The article describes how gangs in Europe are offering a bodyguard service to refugees, for a price of course. It’s incredibly saddening and shocking that people would take advantage of these refugees, but it is also expected.

Overall it was a great learning experience that informed me of all the help the refugees are receiving, as well as the troubles that they go through.

Thanks for reading.